Tree Pruning

Proper pruning augments the beauty of almost any landscape tree and shrub, while improper pruning can ruin its landscape potential. Pruning and trimming is not only a science but also an art. The science involves a deep understanding of tree biology, recognizing the work needed to be done and skilfully eliminating or minimizing defects which will block the tree’s growth or cause irreparable damages.

More trees die or ruined each year from improper pruning than by pests. Remember, that pruning is the removal or reduction of certain plant parts that are not required, that are no longer effective, or that are of no use to the plant.

Pruning can actually be done at any time of the year; however, recommended times vary with different plants. Although, pruning does not cause any damage to the plants but continual improper pruning results in damaged or weakened plants. Prune plants damaged by storms or vandalism or ones with dead limbs as soon as possible to avoid additional insect and disease problems that may develop.

Tree Pruning is done in the following three ways:

  • Crown thinning
  • Crown reduction
  • Crown raising

During crown thinning; keep lateral branches as evenly spaced as possible, especially on young trees. Prune away branches that cross each other. Never remove more than one-fourth of a living crown. Crown raising is to provide clearance for pedestrians and many other reasons, you can raise the crown by carefully pruning the tree. If you remove too many branches near the bottom half, the tree may not be able to develop a strong stem.

Crown reduction is the process where If you need to remove more than half of the foliage from a branch, just remove the whole branch. Only reduce the crown of a tree if it’s really necessary. Prune lateral branches that are at least one-third of the diameter of the stem that needs to be removed.

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